Major Cities: Brampton, London, Mississauga, Ottawa
Population: Approximately 14,789,778
Total Area: 1.076 million km²
Date of Admission: July 1, 1867
Seats in House of Commons: 121 / 338
Time Zone: Eastern Standard Time & Central Standard Time
Bustling cities, stunning views, picturesque beaches, and some of the country’s most impressive landmarks- these are just a few of the reasons that add to the alluring charm of this province. Whether you wish to lose yourself within nature or find refuge within the most multiculturally diverse place in the country, Ontario is a province that inevitably does not disappoint.
The name Ontario roughly means “sparkling water”, a befitting title since the land is situated between two remarkable bodies of water; the Hudson Bay to the north while the Great Lakes borders the south. The second-largest province within Canada, Ontario also shares a border with the US and is joined by Quebec in its eastern region and Manitoba to the west.
Experiencing all four seasons, the weather in Ontario is continental. Generally, northern Ontario experiences harsher winters as compared to the south. Cities that are farther away from the Great Lakes experience more humidity and hotter weather conditions while the central region is milder due to abundant precipitation. However, winters are far colder for the areas near the Great Lakes, with severe temperatures ranging from 36°F (0°C) and 14°F (-10°C) instigated by the arctic currents.
With a population of more than 14 million, Ontario is home to around 40% of the country’s entire population. Influenced by decades of immigration from every part of the world, Ontario is Canada’s most multicultural and diverse province welcoming newcomers with a warm heart. 29% of Ontarians are foreign-born and contribute to the province’s cultural life. Although English is the official language, over 100 different languages are spoken within this distinct province of Canada!
With the presence of various, distinct industries, it is not surprising that Ontario is deemed as the heart of economic activity within Canada. This diverse economy stems from a thriving manufacturing sector as well as a happening natural-resources-based sector, especially mining. Technological benefits, modern resources, and an efficient transportation system further add to Ontario’s economic advantage.
From Kindergarten till the end of secondary school, Ontario provides a strong publicly funded provincial education system. Ontario’s universities like the University of Toronto, Queens, and the University of Waterloo draw in students from all over the world and are internationally recognized as top institutions. The University of Toronto is ranked 18th in the world among the best educational institutions.
From doctor examinations to emergency and hospital care, the Ontario Health Insurance Plan (OHIP) covers all medical costs for residents of Ontario. The province currently has 145 public hospital corporations and several private hospitals as well.
Ontario has a vivid and rich history, made complicated by numerous wars, territory issues, and government indecisiveness. Centuries back before European settlers arrived, Ontario was originally occupied by Aboriginals who spoke Algonquin and Iroquoian. After the 1600s, it was mostly inhabited by French and English settlers. In 1791, present-day Ontario was officially named Upper Canada. Later, Ontario became one of the original four provinces to join in the Canadian confederation of 1867. Now, Ontario retains its reputation and importance as the central province and is a driving factor behind various decisions to move to Canada.