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Alberta

Alberta

FAST FACTS

Capital: Edmonton

Major Cities: Calgary, Fort McMurray, Lethbridge, Red Deer

Population: Approximately 4,444,277

Total Area: 661,848 km²

Joined Confederation: September 1, 1905

Seats in House of Commons: 34 / 338

Time Zone: Mountain Standard Time

INTRO

Canada’s “Energy Province”, Alberta has a lot to offer indeed. Stunning landscapes, vast boreal forests and prairies, towering mountains, and fluorescent lakes – Alberta’s natural beauty is remarkable. Along with its breathtaking scenery, Alberta has also gained popularity for its robust economic performance and a thriving industry o oil and gas.

LOCATION

Situated in the Western region of the country, the famous Rocky Mountains occupy the western boundary shared with British Columbia, while the Northwest Territories surround the north, Saskatchewan to the east, and most of southern Alberta is covered in lush forests and the boundless prairie grasslands.

CLIMATE

For those who enjoy summers and basking in the sunlight, Alberta is the sunniest province in Canada. The weather in summer daytime ranges from around 20 to 25°C (68 to 77°F). Plenty of sunny days do not mean that the winters are to be taken lightly. January and February are the coldest months when the temperature ranges from -5 to -15°C (23 to 5°F) and can even drop as low as -30 to -40°C (-22 to -40°F) at times.

DEMOGRAPHICS

An estimated population of over 4 million, Alberta is the fourth most populous province of Canada. The most heavily populated cities are Calgary and Edmonton and a majority of the population resides in urbanized, metropolitan areas. The population of Alberta has grown and diversified vividly over the past decade due to the massive influx of migrants, with a prominent number of communities being of South Asian and Chinese heritage.

ECONOMY

With an impressive and rapid economic development rate, Alberta remains one of the best provinces for work opportunities. The recent energy boom along with its agricultural sector continues to be a major source of employment and the sectors show promising potential for further advancements!

EDUCATION

A wonderful place for students, Alberta’s education system does not disappoint and provides some excellent opportunities. Free education and some impressive institutions including the renowned University of Alberta, the province caters to all kinds of students.

HEALTHCARE

Excellent healthcare where basic health services are free! Most of the government resources are invested in the health system, being among the highest in Canada.

HISTORY

Named after the fourth daughter of Queen Victoria, Alberta’s first batch of settlers arrived some 10,000 years ago and were mostly farmers or fishermen. It joined the Canadian federation as a province in 1905. In the earlier days of its origin, Alberta was mainly a farming region, with additional mining activities. The province was heavily affected by the depression in the 1920s but persisted. Alberta’s first oil discovery occurred in Turner Valley in 1914, and now the recent energy boom continues to benefit the province even today!